Gum Disease

Gum disease is a serious condition that affects people from all walks of life. Hamilton Family Dentistry provides periodontal services for all stages of gum disease to restore your oral health.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease, periodontitis, and gum disease are all phrases used to describe an infection in the gums and bone surrounding your teeth. Healthy bone and gum structures help keep a tooth’s root intact. When food and plaque get trapped between the gums and teeth, it can lead to infection, resulting in gum disease.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, periodontal disease affects 47.2% of adults aged 30 years and older. In addition, periodontal disease increases with age. More than 70% of adults ages 65 years and older have periodontal disease.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums and one of the earliest stages of gum disease.

Common symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • minor redness
  • swelling
  • light bleeding of the gums.

If left untreated, gingivitis turns into a more serious infection known as periodontal disease, which can lead to permanent structural damage.

Scheduling regular cleanings and checkups for gum disease can help. Contact us today to learn more.

  • How to reverse gum disease

    Good oral care and dental visits can reverse early gum disease (gingivitis). Key steps include:

    1. Oral hygiene: Brush twice daily with fluoride toothpaste, use a soft-bristled brush, and replace it regularly.
    2. Floss: Daily flossing removes plaque and food from areas your toothbrush can’t reach.
    3. Mouthwash: Use an antiseptic mouthwash to reduce plaque and cleanse hard-to-reach spots.
    4. Quit smoking: Smoking increases the risk of gum disease, so quitting is beneficial for gum health.
    5. Balanced diet: Eat healthily, focusing on vitamins A and C, to support gum and tooth health.
    6. Dental checkups: Regular visits to the dentist for dental cleanings can prevent and catch gingivitis early.
    7. Deep cleaning: Treatments like scaling and root planing may be necessary for more advanced gum disease.
    8. Restorative procedures: Severe cases might require surgeries or grafts.
    9. Manage health conditions: Control diabetes and other conditions that can worsen gum disease.

    While gingivitis is reversible with care, advanced gum disease (periodontitis) needs ongoing management to prevent further issues. Early action is crucial for healthy gums.

  • Is gum disease hereditary?

    Gum disease can have a hereditary component, making some people more genetically prone to it. However, having a genetic predisposition doesn’t guarantee you’ll get gum disease. Factors like oral hygiene, smoking, and diet also play significant roles.

    Genetics can affect how your immune system deals with the bacteria that cause gum disease, possibly leading to more severe reactions or insufficient bacterial control.

    Despite a genetic risk, maintaining good oral care, not smoking, eating healthily, and regular dental visits can greatly lower your risk or manage gum disease effectively.

    Schedule an appointment today to discuss your gum health and genetic risk. We’re here to help.

  • What are the signs of periodontal disease?

    1. Persistent bad breath or unpleasant taste
    2. Inflamed or red gums
    3. Gums that bleed easily or are tender
    4. Discomfort while chewing
    5. Teeth that feel loose
    6. Increased tooth sensitivity
    7. Receding gums
    8. Changes in teeth alignment when biting
    9. Changes in how partial dentures fit

More Questions?

If you have any questions about periodontal disease (gum disease) treatment please contact our office and we will be happy to answer any questions.

Hamilton Family Dentistry

5810 Harford Road
Baltimore, MD 21214
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Monday: 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Tuesday: 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Wednesday: 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Thursday: 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.


(410) 426-8200